Crime Free Addendums in Illinois

Many Illinois municipalities require some form of “Crime Free” lease addendum.  (Here is a sample copy of the addendum provided by the Village of Palatine.)  Such an addendum seeks to make it easier for a landlord to evict a tenant if the tenant or tenant’s guests engage in criminal acts.

A group, known as the “International Crime Free Association“, markets such a program to municipalities.  Their program was developed in 1992 by the group’s founder, a former member of the Mesa Arizona Police Department.  In its intended form, the program requires landlord training and mandates that landlords add a “crime free” addendum to their lease.

The municipalities requiring a crime free addendum have the best of intentions.  They are looking out for the safety of their community.  However, the addendum can create massive burdens for landlords.  There are a number of criticisms of the “crime free” programs.  First, they require a large investment of a landlord’s personal time.  Many municipalities require landlords to attend training which can take up to 8 hours.  Additionally, landlords are required to actually enforce the addendum.  That is, they must evict tenants who engage in criminal activity.  This is easier said than done.  Proof problems abound in such cases.  Landlords or their attorneys are required to become criminal prosecutors and must prove (albeit usually at a lesser standard of proof than a criminal conviction) that the tenant or tenant’s guest performed a criminal act.  Getting testimony, records, documents, or lab reports related to criminal activity is not exactly easy and dragging a police officer into court for an eviction court can be a difficult proposition.

Recently, landlords and tenants have begun to challenge the validity of crime free style program.  A district court judge recently struck down the “Crime Free” addendum in Cedar Rapids Iowa.  I have not reviewed the case, but it appears from reports I have read that the challenge was based upon the Iowa constitution and certain Federal Constitutional issues. In other instances related to concerns about HUD evictions of innocent tenants (based on illegal activities of their guests), the validity of the ordinance was upheld.  I’m not prepared to take any side on the validity of such laws in Illinois.

That said, a number of Illinois municipalities have enacted some form of a crime free addendum.  Among them are Palatine, Bolingbrook, Schaumburg, Aurora, Mount Prospect, Elgin, Naperville, Wheeling, Oak Forest, Addison, Niles, Riverside, Westmont and Round Lake Beach, Addison, Rosemont, Wheeling, Carpentersville, and Des Plaines.  In the coming weeks, I will explore this issue in more detail.

Illinois landlords are well advised to check with their local municipality to determine if a crime free addendum requirement exists, if any landlord certification or compliance is required, and if there are other ordinances governing the landlord tenant relationship in their town.  No lease is complete without such research.

 

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3 Responses to Crime Free Addendums in Illinois

  1. Pingback: Governor Quinn signs new eviction legislation SB 1766 | chicagoeviction.com

  2. michael abraham says:

    Can a landlord use this addendum as part of their lease without HAVING to enforce it? Could we just have the addendum there and enforce as needed? And if we use the addendum without the municipality actually requiring it, would we still HAVE to go through the training. We are in Chicago.

    • Richard Magnone says:

      A landlord can insert a crime free addendum into a lease regardless of the landlords location. Unless a municipality requires training, training is not required. The main problem with such provisions is that they are often difficult to enforce as it is often difficult to prove the criminal conduct of a tenant. The provisions may, however, have some moral force, so I cannot say that they are not of value.

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